The Will of Sacrifice Lesson Summary Notes and Explanation in English Class 9th


The heroism and gallantry of Bhagat Singh are discussed in the chapter “The Will of Sacrifice.” The chapter provides a comprehensive summary of the legendary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh’s life. Bhagat Singh, a renowned revolutionary from India, took part in the accidental murder of a young British policeman as revenge for the killing of an Indian nationalist. He is fondly known as “Shaheed (martyr) Bhagat Singh,” and he is revered as a national hero of India’s battle for independence against colonial domination.

A Life History Timeline For Bhagat Singh

In the Punjabi city of Khatkar Kalan, Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, 1907. India was governed by the British at the time. All of Bhagat Singh’s family actively participated in the struggle for independence.

While attending school in Lahore as a young man, Bhagat Singh met various political figures, including Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. Bhagat Singh left his institution and enrolled in the national school in Lahore after Mahatma Gandhi called for a non-cooperation campaign against British authority in 1921. This specific school served as a hub for revolutionary activity. After meeting revolutionaries like Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev, and others while attending the national school, he became a member of the Hindustan Republican organization. It was founded by Uttar Pradeshi revolutionaries. The revolutionaries thought that because British authority was oppressive and unlawful, it was justifiable to use violence as a tool to topple the British. The revolutionaries were labelled as terrorists by the British administration. The rebels did not follow Gandhi’s philosophy of the nonviolent independence movement; instead, they bombed and shot at the British and damaged their infrastructure.

Bhagat Singh is remembered today as a profound thinker as well as a fearless revolutionary since he was well-versed with the finest socialistic ideas. He wrote several important things, such the phrase “revolution does not mean violence.” He described it as “the spirit of freedom, the yearning for a better world.”

From The Death Penalty To The Shaheed Moniker

Bhagat Singh’s life witnessed a dramatic turn after the police brutally attacked veteran freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai during an anti-British protest. Lala Lajpat Rai passed away as a result of the attacks on November 17, 1928. This infuriated Bhagat Singh, who then shot Deputy Inspector General Scott to seek vengeance for Lajpat Rai’s passing. But in his fury, he mistakenly identified General Scott as Assistant Superintendent Saunders. During a meeting, he launched explosives inside the General Assembly Hall. Due to his violent actions, he was brought before British courts in India and given the death penalty. However, since Bhagat Singh is being remembered today, it is certain that his death did not stop him. Through the letters he wrote while he was imprisoned, he kept the flame of freedom burning.

Bhagat Singh, as we can see, embodies the willingness to sacrifice because he did not take part in the revolutionary movement in order to receive medals and prizes. He carried out his responsibility to the cause of freedom and strengthened the fight for independence.