Direct and Indirect Speech (Narration)

Direct and Indirect Speech is a very important chapter in Grammar. It is also known as Narration. However, to understand the basic rules of narration and changing one form to others we need to learn the Tenses first.

If we do not learn Tenses properly first, we will not be able to go through this course. Hence you need to go through the Course covering all the tenses. Click the button below to go to that course.

We assume that you have covered all the Tenses. Let us move forward. Direct Speech in simple words means the words which are spoken by a person in actual. e.g. I would say, “I am a boy”. i.e. Mein ne kaha, “Mein ek ladka hu” I am a boy’ are the actual words said by me.

On the other hand, you can tell your friends or parent in this way “Zahid ne kaha k vo ek ladka hai“. i.e. Zahid said that he is a boy. This is indirect speech. Why? Because you are not telling the actual words (what I said) but telling in your own words.

So, to summarise, Direct Speech means what a person said in actual (His words) and on the other hand, Indirect Speech means saying the actual words in one’s own words. Let us move to the first unit: