Examples of narration change in present simple, present continuous, present perfect and present perfect continuous are given below –

Direct and Indirect Speech Simple Present Tense Examples

If reported verb is in Past Tense, reported speech will change from Present Indefinite Tense to Past Indefinite Tense

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Virat said, “I play cricket.”Virat said that he played cricket.
Grandma said to me, “You are a good boy.”Grandma said to me that I was a good boy.
Suraj said to Raja, “we are good friends.”Suraj said to Raja that they were good friends.
I said, “I often go to park.”I said that I often went to park.
Ankur said, “I like to play video games.”Ankur said that he liked to play video games.

Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in Present Continuous Tense

If reported verb is in Past Tense, reported speech will change from Present Continuous Tense to Past Continuous Tense.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
The nurse said to me, “The doctor is calling you.”The nurse said to me that the doctor was calling me.
My friends said, “The boys are playing football.”My friend said that the boys were playing football.
The old man said, “I am catching fish.”The old man said that he was catching fish.
The birdwatcher said, “The birds are flying.”The birdwatcher said that the birds were flying.
I said to mother, “I am not going to school.”I told mother that I was not going to school.

Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in Present Perfect Tense

If reported verb is in Past Tense, reported speech will change from Present Perfect Tense to Past Perfect Tense.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
The teacher said to me, “Your friends have gone home.”The teacher said to me that my friends had gone home.
The boss said, “The manager has come late to office.”The boss said that the manager had come late to office.
I said to mother, “I have done my homework.”I told mother that I had done my homework.
I told my boss, “I have submitted the work.”I told my boss that I had submitted the work.
The conductor said, “The train has reached late.”The conductor said that the train had reached late.

Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in Present Perfect Continuous Tense

If reported verb is in Past Tense, reported speech will change from Present Perfect Continuous Tense to Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
He said, “It have been snowing all night.”He said that it had been snowing all night.
Uncle said, “I have been working very hard.”Uncle said that he had been working very hard.
My cousin said to me, “I have been helping you a lot.”My cousin said to me that he had been helping me a lot.
The neighbour said, “I have been planting vegetables all day.”The neighbour said that he had been planting vegetables all day.
Brother said, “Have you been sleeping well?”Brother asked if I had been sleeping well.