Sentence that expresses emotion such as sorrow, joy, wander, pity etc. is called exclamatory sentence. This type of sentence usually uses interjection to express the emotion. Interjections such as – hurrah, alas, sorry, oh/what, bravo convey certain kind of emotion. Narration change of exclamatory sentence depends on the mood the interjection expresses.
Certain types of emotion that the interjections convey are given below –
|Bravo||Applaud/ praise/ commend|
- In direct speech of exclamatory sentence an exclamation mark is used after the interjection or at the end of the sentence. This mark is replaced by a full stop after narration change from direct to indirect speech.
- The reporting verb changes to exclaimed with joy/happiness or exclaimed with sorrow or disgust depending on the mood of the sentence.
- After converting the speech, the interjection should be omitted.
- The reporting clause and reported clause is connected with conjunction ‘that’.
|Direct Speech||Indirect Speech|
|He said, “Alas! My cat died.”||He exclaimed with sorrow that his cat had died.|
|She said, “How beautiful the night sky looks!”||She exclaimed with wonder that the night sky looked very beautiful.|
|The man said, “What an intelligent brain he has.”||The man exclaimed with surprise that he had a very intelligent brain.|
|The commander said to them, “Bravo! You did well.”||The commander applauded them that they had done well.|
|The woman said to them, “Fie! Go away from here.”||The woman exclaimed in anger that they should go away from there.|
|Ritu said, “Hurrah! I won the lottery.”||Ritu exclaimed with joy that she had won the lottery.|
|Rita Said, “Hurrah! I have passed the examination.||Rita exclaimed joyfully that she had passed the examination.|
|The boy said, “Alas! I made a mistake.”||The boy exclaimed with regret that he had made a mistake.|
|The teacher said, “What a brilliant student he is!”||The teacher exclaimed in wonder that he was a very brilliant student.|
|The girl said, “How cute the dog is!”||The girl exclaimed with wonder that the dog was very cute.|