Table of Contents

Introduction

In narration change (Direct to Indirect), the tense of the reported clause changes depending on the tense of reporting verb. When reporting verb is put in the past tense, the tense of the reported clause changes. As the reporting verb is in the past tense, the tense of the reported clause should also move back in the past as well. However if the reporting verb is in present or future tense, the tense of the reporting verb does not change.

Present Tense

TenseChanges into
simple present tensesimple past tense
present continuouspast continuous
present perfect tensepast perfect tense
Present perfect continuouspast perfect continuous

Past Tense

TenseChanges into
Simple past tensepast perfect
Past continuouspast perfect continuous
Past perfectremains same/no change
Past perfect continuousremains same/no change

Future Tense

TenseChanges into
will would
will bewould be
will havewould have
will have beenwould have been