Introduction

The determination to fight for independence came from various directions and took many diverse shapes. The renowned Tamil poet Subramanya Bharathi utilized poetry as his platform to rouse India’s sleeping masses. In order to create an India that every Indian could be proud of, he encouraged the populace to reject foreign control and transform the nation. 

About The Poet

Tamil author, poet, reporter, campaigner for Indian independence, social activist, and polyglot Chinnaswami Subramanya Bharathi. He is regarded as one of the most important Tamil literary personalities of all time and is known as “Mahakavi Bharathi.” He was a modern Tamil poetry originator.

Theme Of The Poem

The poet honours the independence of our country in this poem. The poem could be seen as applauding the results of never-ending perseverance. Freedom from caste-based prejudice, freedom of expression, and other formerly unattainable freedoms have all been made possible by the fight for independence. Singing and dance were used to commemorate everything that the Indians had unitedly battled for.

Stanza 1:

“This is the hour
Of song and dance,
For blissful freedom
Is ours at last.”

This poem serves to describe a free India. It also paints a picture of a magnificent India.  The poet salutes our country’s freedom in the opening stanza. The poet invites us to celebrate it with music and dancing.

Stanza 2:

“Gone are those days of caste-born pride.
Gone is the foreigner’s might:
Gone is passive subservience
Gone is the trickster’s sway.”

The poet claims in the second verse that we are now free from all forms of enslavement. Now, the caste system is abolished. We no longer have to be afraid of foreign authority. We don’t have to be docile or submissive. Tricksters won’t be able to fool us anymore.

Stanza 3:

“Freedom is our universal speech,
Equality the experienced grace;
We’ll blow the conch of victory
And publish the truth to all.”

The third verse conveys the poet’s message that we should all remain together and put our freedom above anything else. We ought to value grace and equality. According to the poet, equality is the real elegance and freedom is our shared language. Speaking to his fellow comrades, he promises that they will blow the victory trumpet and announce the truth to everyone. He tells everyone that they will show the world how valuable Indians are, together.

Stanza 4:

“We see that all are equal born;
Now lie and deceit are dead;
Only the good men are great –
Ruin has seized and wicked.”

The poet asserts that everyone is born equal in the fourth stanza. Lies and dishonesty have no place here. He believed that the time of destruction had come to an end and that only great individuals would triumph.

Stanza 5:

“Honour to the ploughman and the worker!
Shame to the glutton and the rake!
We’ll not water the wastelands,
Nor sweat for the idler’s weal!”

The poet suggested that we treat farmers, laborers, and everyone else with the respect they deserve, in the fifth stanza. He labels the glutton (those who are greedy) and the rake (guys who are immoral) disgraceful. Nobody, he claims, should waste their time watering wasteland and attending to the weal of idlers.

Stanza 6:

‘We’ve learnt that this is our own land,
It will be forever ours;
No nation shall enslave us again;
We’ll prosper serving God, our sole Lord.”

The poet wants us to understand in the sixth stanza that this is and always will be our own territory. We should have faith that no other authority will ever subject us to captivity  ever again. We should fulfil our responsibilities and worship God. We shall flourish in this way, and the country will as well.