A very good morning to one and all present here. Today, I will be giving a small speech on the topic of Land Pollution.
Britannica defines land pollution to be “the deposition of solid or liquid waste materials on land or underground in a manner that can contaminate the soil and groundwater, threaten public health, and cause unsightly conditions and nuisances.”
Simply put, land pollution or soil contamination is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces, both above and below ground level. It is caused due to excessive waste, especially toxic ones, being dumped on land, which in turn affects the soil of the land adversely. Majorly, land pollution is caused by activities such as littering and waste washed ashore from boats, oil rigs, and sewage treatment plants.
Predominantly, land pollution can be categorized into 4 different types. They are land contaminated due to solid wastes, pesticides and fertilizers, chemicals, and also deforestation.
Dire consequences of land pollution include loss of fertility of the soil and water contamination.