Good morning and a very happy Constitution Day!
Today, on the 26th of November, we are assembled to honor and cherish the day when our nation adopted its constitution in 1949.
The constitution of our country is the ultimate shield against all forms of abuse and enabler of powers and rights for Indians. It provides direction to the polity, society, and citizenry of India to strive for excellence in the collective conduct and individual
Essentially the constitution governs how the government and people interact with each other. After Independence, a constituent assembly was formed to create a document installing the national aims and aspirations as a newly independent country. Consequently, they drafted a legal document that encompasses national values and goals. Officially our constitution was enacted on 26 January 1950.
India’s constitution stipulates the limits of all forms of governance and authority, be it state, judiciary or private entities. Due to its detailed nature, it is also the world’s most capacious constitution.
Our constitution incorporated inspirations and various provisions from diverse sources. It has stipulations and adoptions from the Government of India Act in 1935, the US constitution, the UK constitution, from countries like the USSR, Japan, etc. This tradition has been a constant it has always been an organically growing entity, liable to change in light of changing aspirations and circumstances.
Over the years, the modifications (amendment, repeal, etc) have changed the overall nature of our polity adding the descriptions like socialist and secular through 42 nd amendment in 1976.
In terms of governance, it contains information regarding the nature and constitution of the three organs, namely: the legislature (law-making), executive (law enforcing) and judiciary (law maintaining).
The state or territory of India, according to the constitution, is a union of different smaller states and union territories as well as acquired territories like annexation, enclaves, etc. These subunits have their own governmental architecture culminating in local administration bodies like panchayats and municipal corporations.
This symbiotic relationship is called cooperative federalism. However, in certain circumstances like war, etc. a state of emergency brings the entire nation under one government i.e. the Union.
The executive head of the country is the President while the legislature is represented by the Parliament. The Judicial system has Supreme Court at its apex and the legislature is constituted with two sub-houses- Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Today, we should all not just remember the ideals with which our founding fathers
adopted and presented this holistic plan of nation’s progress but bring them into
practice with commitment, honesty, and integrity.
Thank you for your patience and attention!