Three Visions for India Lesson Summary and Explanation Class 8th


In the famous speech “Three visions for India”, in IIT Hyderabad, Dr. Kalam pleads for Indians to be involved in the nation-building process and to make India a developed nation.

The main focus of Kalam’s “Three visions for India” is on developing India to its fullest capacity while facing challenges to the rest of the world with fully validated self respect and dignity for the achievements that have been obtained in the modern times.

Being the father of India’s integrated guided missile program, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam states three visions for India based on the achievements and progress that he witnessed in the history of the nation and during his own career, as a missile scientist.

In his speech, he explains the reason why should we handle our own freedom, characteristics of a developed nation, drawbacks of Indians, and the Invaders who invades our culture, land and wealth.

Three Visions for India

Dr.Kalam revealed that he had three dreams and visions for India-Freedom, Development and Standing Up.

He highlights the importance of his visions by explaining that how they can play a crucial role in India’s growth and development.

In his first vision, he says that if we are not free, then no one will respect us. In 3000 years of our history, people from all over the world had come and invaded us, captured our lands and conquered our minds.

From Alexander onwards the Greeks, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch all of them had invaded us. On the other hand, India had never looted any nation because it respects the freedom of others. This is the reason for his first vision of India is Freedom.

He believed that India had already it’s first vision of freedom in the year 1857,when the War of Independence began.

Kalam’s Second Vision was to transform India into a developed nation by the year 2020 through the development of core competencies. India is among the top five nations of the world in terms of Gross Domestic Product and have 10 per cent growth rate in most areas. The pre-requisite of self respect is self reliance. A developed nation should be self-reliant and self-assured. The poverty levels should be reduced and the achievements must rise and recognised. There should be economic power and an efficient military. The people of our nation should have the courage and self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation and not consider ourselves as someone less.

His Third Vision was that India must stand up to the world because unless it stands up to the world, no one will respect us. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power because people tend to respect those who are strong.

He is astonished to see that despite many amazing success stories and being the world’s second largest producer of wheat, rice and being the largest producer of milk, number one in remote sensing satellites, the Indian Citizens lack courage to acknowledge its nation’s achievements.

Kalam then targets the Indian media who is obsessed only with bad news, failures and disasters. The biggest drawbacks of our media is its failure to give recognition to India’s achievements and success stories. He then questions about craze and obsession of Indians with foreign TVs, foreign shirts and foreign technology. This craze for foreign stuffs has affected self-reliance of our nation.

While giving the lecture, a 14-year-old girl asked Dr. Kalam for an autograph. When he asked about her goal in life, she replied that she wants to live in a developed India. Kalam insists all his Indian sisters and brothers that we should try our best to build this developed India and declare it confidently.