An economic system based on free markets and minimal government interference is known as capitalism. The most effective economic system, according to supporters, is capitalism, which has led to higher living standards. Even still, a lot of economists criticise various aspects of capitalism and draw attention to its numerous flaws and issues.
In summary, the negative effects of capitalism include: inequity, market failure, environmental harm, short-termism, excessive consumerism, and boom-and-bust economic cycles. Financial markets, such as those for shares, bonds, and money, are essential to capitalism, yet they frequently lead to booms and collapses.
In a boom, credit and confidence increase, but markets frequently become swept up in “irrational exuberance,” which causes the value of assets to soar. Yet if the mood of the market shifts, this boom could abruptly become a crash. Market crashes like these can lead to recessions, economic downturns, and job losses. Capitalism has had several long-lasting recessions (such as the 1930s), times of high unemployment, and a decrease in living standards.