The art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock is called agriculture. There are many types of agriculture, some of which are: horticulture, aquaculture, shifting cultivation, animal husbandry, etc.
Agriculture is the most important practice in most parts of the world. More than half of the population in India depends on agriculture. Indian agriculture includes a mix of traditional to modern farming techniques. In some parts of India, traditional use of cattle to plough remains in use.
According to recent research, 22 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Lack of mechanisation, soil erosion, agricultural marketing and scarcity of capital are among the major problems faced by Indian Agriculture.