A very good morning to one and all present here. Today, I will be giving a short speech on the topic of ‘Natural Disasters’.
Wikipedia defines the term natural disaster to be “the negative impact following an actual occurrence of natural hazard in the event that it significantly harms a community.” IFRC, in fact, states that “Disasters are serious disruptions to the functioning of a community that exceeds its capacity to cope using its own resources.”
Disasters are thus catastrophes. They result in massive loss of life and property and lead to drastic consequences for a considerable period after the natural calamity passes.
The most common examples of natural disasters would include earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, landslides, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, and extreme temperatures.
To reduce the impact of natural disasters and prevent extreme losses, disaster management is taken up across the globe. The World Bank, in fact, has emerged as the global leader in disaster risk management. In India, The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) handles this.