A very good morning to one and all present here. Today, I’ll be giving a small speech on the topic ‘Disaster Management.’
Some common disasters include tsunamis, earthquakes, cyclones, and volcanic eruptions. They leave widespread destruction, pain, and loss of life and property in their wake.
This is why disaster management is crucial.
Google defines disaster management to be “how we deal with the human, material, economic or environmental impacts of said disaster”. It is the process of how we “prepare for, respond to, and learn from the effects of major failures”. This is extremely important and can be of immense help in saving countless lives.
Disaster management, essentially, is of 4 types. It involves: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. All four of these must be done with utmost care and haste for the best results.
National disaster management authority (NDMA) (NDMA) formulate policies and guidelines for disaster management and also keeps a separate fund known as the ‘contingency fund of India’ to manage disasters in India.