The threat to our survival is more pressing than ever before in the history of the human race. The limited nature of our material wealth and mineral storage coupled with injudicious exploitation has led us to the brink of resource crunch.
The net result is what we can collectively call climate change. The most striking component of such a forced change has been the temperature rise. This change leads to a chain of atmospheric modifications termed as global warming and its wider impact on the climate has caused the researchers and policymakers to accept the grim reality of our environment at the moment.
The trigger of such chaos has been a gross abuse of fossil fuels and chemical enhancements that have made inhospitable for a number of species. The lion share of the blame lies with the developed countries that have been irresponsible in accepting their role in destroying the natural resources and overall balance.
The consequences and symptoms of such adverse climate change include inconsistent and unpredictable rainfall, rampant drought conditions, extreme hotness and coldness, extinction of animal and plant species, fall of agricultural output and food insecurity, increased danger of climate disasters like floods, tsunamis etc.
The impact on human beings is not the only thing we should be concerned about as well. There have been deteriorating effects on ocean health and life, including a decrease in available dissolved oxygen for use by the aquatic life forms. Similarly, the habitations for land animals are also under threat.
Another extension of food insecurity due to such climate malformations is the threat of international conflicts and geopolitical tensions. It can already be noted in the discussions in for a like WTO etc.
By the same token, migration and climate refugee crisis is also expected to put more pressures on the governance and administration of national and international laws. Looking forward, we need to develop an international consensus on these issues and involve all the stakeholders. The recent exit of the US from Paris Climate accords is a setback to it.
However, we need to unite in our attempt to reduce our dependence on carbon fuels and focus on carbon sequestration through afforestation, sustainable agriculture and scientific research for more corrective forms of human activity like commodity production, transport etc.
On the same note, we need to develop alternative and cleaner forms of energy and utilization technologies to build a robust foundation for all the climate improvement steps,