5 Types of Essays

Essays can be of many different types. According to the subject matter, they can all be roughly brought to the following five types:

  1. Descriptive Essays
  2. Narrative Essays
  3. Reflective Essays
  4. Expository Essays
  5. Imaginative Essays

Table of Contents

Descriptive Essays

These essays give an account of substances in the animal and vegetable world; natural scenes; of work of art; of some person place or thing; character sketches (a postman, a School peon, a teacher etc); processes of manufacture of towns, buildings etc.

Narrative Essays

These essays relate to incidents and events, present or past, real or unreal; as, a street quarrel; a festival: a fair; a storm; a motor car accident; an imaginary journey in an aeroplane; a house on fire etc.

Reflective Essays

The reflective essay consists of reflections or thoughts on some topic of an abstract nature. Topics for reflective essays maybe:

  • social political and literary as the place of women in society, caste system; child marriage; education; students and politics; untouchability etc.
  • habits, qualities, feelings, as (regularity, punctuality, good manners, friendship, Heroism, patriotism, kindness, industry)

Expository Essays

An expository essay is an explanatory essay. It generally consists of an explanation of some subject. Subjects for explanatory essays maybe:

  • scientific topics: as radio, cinema, wireless, telegraphy etc
  • literary topics: as the review of a book.
  • institutions industries and occupations: press small scale industries photography gardening panting etc.
  • Quotations or sayings: a bird in hand is worth two in the bush, time is money, where there is a will there is a way.

Imaginative Essays

In an imaginative essay, one’s imagination plays a free path. Such subjects as if I were the Prime Minister of India or The Adventures of a rupee fall, under this heading.

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