Good morning everyone present here, today I am going to give a speech on the importance of democracy. It is essential to define democracy correctly while discussing its significance. In the words of Abraham Lincoln, “government of the people, by the people, for the people,” democracy is popular sovereignty. Its fundamental tenet is that the populace elects a government through frequent, transparent, and free elections. No other form of government ensures the freedom to express one’s political preferences, and no other form of government fosters progress by allowing conflicting interests and viewpoints to coexist peacefully. These two factors highlight the significance of liberal democracy.
In the history of civilization, democracy has been essential in transforming the globe from monarchical, imperial, and conquest-based power structures to one of popular rule, self-determination, and peaceful coexistence. Ancient Greece was the first place where a direct type of democracy was used, but since there were so many slaves there, very few people were citizens and had the right to vote. Then democracy disappeared, only to return in the late 18th century as a “representative democracy.” Since that time, it has largely been acknowledged that modern human history has been characterized by a trend toward greater democracy, with some academics noting that this phenomenon has occurred in three waves. The first wave was between the late 18th century and 1918, the second wave between 1945 and 1960, and the third wave from 1975 to 1991.
Most likely, democracy needs to be strengthened even more by reviving the liberalism-adopted rights and protections, as well as by finding new ways to increase its responsiveness and accountability. Thank you.