The work that deprives children of their childhood is the simplest way to understand the term child labour. 152 children in the world are engaged in child labour. This is a sad and harsh truth of reality. The result of this is the rise of various health issues and mental illness amongst very young children resulting in a higher death rate.
The root causes which make children particularly vulnerable to child labour are due to the following reasons: poverty, lack of education, poor access to decent work, conflicts, and mass migration, and lots more. In India, there is a law regarding this.
According to the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, of 1986 a child below the age of 14 years cannot be employed in 16 occupations and 65 hazardous processes that are dangerous to the life of a child. An adult caught doing such an act could be severely punished under the law.