Good morning to one and all present here. Today, I’ll be giving a small speech on the topic ‘Fundamental Rights’.
Fundamental rights, simply put, are the basic rights promised to the citizens of a country by its Constitution. Articles 12-35 of the Indian Constitution comprise the Fundamental Rights. These fundamental rights are hence inviolable.
Fundamental rights are applicable to every citizen of India irrespective of gender, class, caste, creed, or economic status in life. In case of any violation, a citizen can approach a court of law and demand justice.
In India, citizens are offered 6 basic fundamental rights. They are the Right to Equality (Article 14-18), Right to Freedom (Article 19-22), Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24), Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28), Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30), and Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32).
The Right to Property had been a 7th Fundamental Right. However, it was removed as a fundamental right and made a legal right with the 44th Amendment of the Constitution.