Table of Contents
- University Wits: Christopher Marlowe, Robert Greene, George peel, Thomas Nashe and Thomas Lodge. The generation was educated at Oxford and Cambridge Universities.
- They used the poetry to make theatre, breathe life into dead classical models and bring a new audience to the issues and conflicts which the stage could dramatize.
- Marlowe has been described as a sexual-political thinker.
- He wrote one of the renowned work Dr Faustus.
- During the age, comedy and tragedy were the two main types of drama.
- Both these genres were derived from Latin sources
- Comedy: from the works of Terence and Plautus.
- Tragedy: from the Seneca.
- First comedy: Ralph Roister Doister by Nicholas Udall (1552).
- First tragedy: Gorboducby Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville.
- Gorboduc replaced the awkward distancing of characters speaking in rhymed verse with the blank verse that became a standard form of Elizabethan and Jacobean drama.
- Interludes, morality plays and mystery plays contributed to the development of Renaissance drama.
- The Four PP by John Haywood was a link between later medieval morality plays and 16th-century theatre.
- Fixed theatres were established in London which was open to the sky.
- Daytime performances started taking place.
- The thrust stage was pushed out into the audience who stood around it on three sides.
- The development of theatre paved the way for the growth of an acting culture.
- Around 12000 new words were introduced in the English language from more than 50 languages.
- Inkhorn Controversy came into existence- Some writers believed that Greek and Latin words were better than the English words while some others like John Cheke felt that such words were not a natural part of English.