Table of Contents
Transcendentalism was a movement inspired by Romanticism that emerged during the 1830s and 1840s. It was not just a literary movement but also a philosophical one. Like Romanticism, Transcendentalism too shunned rationality and rose to its prominence in America.
Characteristic Features of Transcendentalism
Transcendentalism celebrated individualism, even more so than Romanticism. It was preferred above all else. Being dependent was shunned.
Similarly, Transcendentalism also commemorated nonconformity. It rejected established traditional norms and conventions and was against following societal expectations blindly.
Transcendentalism also values self-realisation and relying on one’s own intuition. It encouraged individuals to be self-reliant.
Transcendentalism Major Poets List and Their Important Works
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Emerson was the pioneer of Transcendentalism. His magnum opus “Self-Reliance” is one of the most important texts of Transcendentalism and the manifesto of the same.
Henry David Thoreau
Thoreau was also an important member of the Transcendentalism movement. Famous works of his include “Walden” and “Civil Disobedience”.
Whitman again was a prominent work. His most famous work is his collection “Leaves of Grass”.
Transcendentalism was a groundbreaking movement in America that transformed their way of intellect and thinking during the Romantic Age.