A much-talked matter of today is environmental pollution. The developed, as well as the developing countries, are found equally concerned with this problem of pollution. In fact, a growing alarm about it is perceived at present all over the world.
Environmental pollution is a somewhat technical term
Environmental pollution refers to the way in which the environment get polluted. Different natural elements no doubt foster life. But they are liable to be polluted easily by different factors in the complicated and civilized life of today.
In the first place, there is air pollution because of smoke, gases moisture, unsteady temperature, and so on. This is particularly caused by the smoke from the chimneys of modern factories, exhaust emissions from automobiles and air-travels.
The second important element is water pollution. This is the result of the uncontrolled discharge of industrial effluents, sewage disposal, oil discharges from
Land is also found polluted by the extensive use of fertilizers, Insecticides, Herbicides, etc used for the preservation of crops. These things contaminate soil. There are other pollutants of the environment, such as noise, nuclear tests, mineral discharges, and so on.
The blaring of horns of vehicles, of trumpets and radios and televisions in the congested parts of the cities produce deafening sounds and disturb the sleep of the people. This heavy noise in big cities directly leads to the nervous and mental tension of the people. The use of radio-active materials and Nuclear tests affect the environment and even bring about climatic changes.
Environmental pollution has dangerous consequences. It makes life insecure and mind morbid. It causes imbalance in the very mode of living. People suffer not merely from some strange and dreadful diseases but are subjected also to morbidity and mental derangement.
The benefint of industrialization are much lost in the environmental pollution which is the direct off-shoot of industrialized modern life. The tragedy of bhopal is the glaring instance of the fatal effects of environmental pollution. The need of the hour is to contain and control the environment pollution, otherwise mankind would perish.
This does not, however, mean that there should be a moratorium on science and technology, on the other hand, science and technology have to be employed and exploited to find out new scientific and technological measures to lessen and eliminate environ- mental pollution. Industrial cities in India need to be cleansed properly.
Rigorous measures are to be adopted and imposed to prevent any recur- Rense of the Bhopal-Type tragedy. Garbage-clearance, silt-trapping and soil conservation are crucial requirements to chase away the pollution of the environment.
Cleanse-Ganges operation’ launched a few years back may not have yielded results as expected, but it has certainly made people conscious of the dangers posed by polluted water and air. War against pollution must be fought in right earnest to save life and ensure future health.
People must understand the fact that deforestation is an evil. Forests are the sources of pure air and water. Felling of trees should be checked and more and more trees should be planted, protected and grown Sunderlal Bahuguna, Maneka Gandhi,, etc., have rendered commendable services in this field.
It is heartening to note that many people are waking up to the need of keeping the environment pollution-free. Even the supreme court of India has started playing its well-timed role for ensuring a pollution free environment to the people. It has issued time-bound direc- tions to the state governments to shift certain factories from Delhi and Agra.