Great Expectations Summary Part 1

The novel Great Expectations is mainly about the great expectations of a boy Pip. It has been divided into three parts that describe his three stages of life and his great expectation in those three stages.  A young boy namely Pip starts the novel telling that he does not know about his parents and is … Read more

Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe Short Summary

Robinson’s Desire to Travel Abroad Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe is a novel in which the protagonist tells about his life as an adventurer making it an autobiographical novel. Robinson Crusoe while young desires to travel abroad but his idea is condemned by his parents. However, he ignores their advice and boards a ship that … Read more

Umrao Jaan Ada Analysis; Novel by Mirza Hadi Ruswa

Introduction Mirza Muhammad Hadi Ruswa is one of the well-known Urdu writers. The novel Umrao Jan Ada was written by him with the purpose of bringing into the light the problems and odds faced by the society of 19th century Lucknow, particularly, the problems faced by the women and how they were forced to become … Read more

Thomas Hardy as a Novelist

Introduction Thomas Hardy was born in 1840 A.D. in the Dorset which is the part of South-western area of England (known as Wessex). Most of the Hardy’s novels are set in his homeland, which, he says, has railways, mowing and reaping, machines illiterate labourers etc. Following are the main features of the works of Thomas … Read more

Charlotte Bronte and Feminism

Introduction Romantic Age that succeeded Neoclassical Era is commonly known as the Age of Poetry whereas the Victorian Age that succeeded Romantic age is known as the age of the novel. The novel emerged as the key genre of this age. Social Background During Victorian time, the industrial revolution took place in Europe that led … Read more

Brick Lane Novel Summary by Monica Ali

Main Plot The story of Brick Lane starts with the birth of Nazneen. She did not suck her mother’s milk for five days; still, she was not taken to the hospital by her mother, as she believed in fate. Only after five days, she started to take milk. This is how she was “left to … Read more

Parsi Identity in Ice Candy Man

Partition The partition of the Indian Sub-continent is one of the worse tragedies. It worsened the relations among Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims. A number of writers have tried to draw the picture of the partition of 1947 in both the lands. E.g. Khushwant Singh’s Train to Pakistan depicts the Indian perspective of partition while Masoor’s … Read more

Justification of Title “Ice Candy Man” by Bapsi Sidhwa

Introduction Title of the novel Ice Candy Man seems to be contradictory as Lenny is the protagonist of the novel and the story revolves around the bloody partition of Indian Sub-continent during the late 1940s. Moreover, it focuses on feminism. However, the title Ice candy Man holds great significance. This can be interpreted and justified … Read more

Feminism in Bapsi Sidhwa’s Ice Candy Man

Ice Candy Man – Feminist Text Partition of Indian sub-continent has always remained a concerning topic for a number of writers of India as well as of Pakistan. But most of the works in both the lands are male-dominated. One finds bravery, chivalry, heroism etc associated with the male protagonists only. Female is represented as a … Read more