A very good morning to one and all present here. Today, I will be giving a short speech on the topic of ‘Freedom Fighters’.
Google defines the term ‘freedom fighter’ to be “a person who takes part in a revolutionary struggle to achieve a political goal, especially in order to overthrow their government.”
Simply put, freedom fighters are those who fight the oppressor or the coloniser for the freedom of their country. India too, being colonised by the British, only got freedom later on. She had a battalion of valiant freedom fighters to serve her cause.
These freedom fighters were of two kinds in India- Extremists and Moderates. The ultimate goal of both extremists and moderates was the same- to attain Swaraj or freedom, However, the way they approached it was different.
Extremists were radical and aggressive in nature. They believed that violence was the solution to take back what was rightfully ours and not to remain passive to the ostracization of the British. Self-reliance and non-cooperation were their main rules.
The most famous of the extremists were Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Aurobindo Ghosem Rajnarayan Bose, and Ashwini Kumar Dutt. In contrast, moderates advocated for Ahimsa or non-violence. They believed that freedom was to be regained through peaceful means as violence is never a solution.
Even their revolts and protests were peaceful in nature. Famous moderates include Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, W.C. Banerjee, Surendra Nath Banerjee, Dadabhai Naoroji, Feroze Shah Mehta, Gopalakrishna Gokhale, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Badruddin Tyabji, Justice Ranade and G.Subramanya Aiyar.
Nelson Mandela once said, “I have never cared very much for personal prizes. A person does not become a freedom fighter in the hope of winning awards.” Let us cherish these selfless, brave warriors for generations to come!