A very good morning to one and all present here. Today, I will be giving a short speech on the topic of ‘Environment’.
Google defines the environment to be “the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.”
Meanwhile, Wikipedia further sheds light on the term as follows: “The natural environment or natural world encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial. The term is most often applied to the Earth or some parts of Earth.”
Environment, thus, encompasses both living and non-living elements within it. Textbooks, in fact, decree it is their ‘sum total’.
Broadly, the environment can be classified into various types. Firstly, it can be divided into the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. Secondly, it can be divided into 2 types: macro environment and micro environment. Macro environment refers to the immediate, local surroundings of an organism wherein micro environment refers to the external conditions that affect an organism.
Thirdly, it can be divided into the biotic and abiotic environment, which, as already mentioned, is the living and the non-living things.
Now, why is our environment considered important? Or more importantly, why is the conservation of environment given much importance?
Firstly, without the environment, there would be no renewable and non-renewable resources, which our lives are impossible to live without. Secondly, the environment includes air, water, sunlight, and soil- all of which are crucial for our very existence. Again, our very food, be it plants or animals or cereals or pulses, will be non-existent in the absence of the environment!
The environment is thus what sustains life. Instead of abusing it by keeping on extracting from it without giving anything back in return, let us vow to protect our environment, keeping in mind that Gandhi Ji once said, “The Earth has enough resources to satisfy our need but not for our greed.”