Good morning to everyone in this room. I would like to thank the principal, the teachers, and my dear friends for allowing me to speak to you today about the problems of overpopulation. The level of living of the populace is significantly impacted by population expansion.
As just 3% of Earth’s surface is covered by freshwater, global overpopulation may increase the demand for freshwater supplies. Because of the population’s rapid increase, Earth’s natural resources are being exhausted. These supplies are not as easily producible.
There will come a day in the coming years when these natural resources will be fully depleted if there is no restriction on population growth. The increase in population has a significant influence on climatic conditions. The global temperature is shifting as a result of human activities.
Overfarming, deforestation, water pollution, eutrophication, and global warming are just a few of the negative economic and environmental effects of overpopulation. Although amazing things are being done to promote human sustainability on our planet, there are just too many people, which makes it more challenging to find long-term solutions.
The majority of the overpopulation is a result of patterns that started with an increase in birth rates in the middle of the twentieth century. Overcrowding in specific places can also be brought on through migration. Interestingly, overpopulation may develop in a location without there being a net increase in population.
It may occur if a population exceeds its carrying capacity and migration patterns do not change in an export-oriented economy. This circumstance is known as “demographic entrapment.” Thank you.