Good morning to everyone in this room. I would like to thank the principal, the teachers, and my dear friends for allowing me to speak to you today about Reservations in India. In India, the term “reservation” refers to the practice of allocating a set number of seats in government organizations to members of underprivileged and backward communities. Moreover, reservations are fundamentally a kind of affirmative action based on quotas.
The Constitution’s reservation rules primarily benefit the Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), and Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Also, this idea was incorporated into the Constitution to allow the underprivileged classes to be on an equal footing with the wealthier ones.
In India, the reservation policy was implemented primarily to help the less fortunate members of society, but it has now turned into a tool for separating society along caste lines. The policy’s primary goal after independence was to uplift the untouchables, but it has fallen short of this goal and has instead turned into a political weapon in the hands of politicians.
The 93rd Amendment increased the youth’s dissatisfaction, and diverse groups in society protested. The inability of one part of society to advance at the expense of the rest was the root of the anger.
The politics of India have been significantly influenced by reservations. In addition, despite the criticism it endured, it is today a fundamental aspect of Indian society. Thus, it can be concluded that while reservations’ good intentions cannot be criticized, their poor execution has been the major issue. Thank you.