The Nobel Prize-winning leader of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, has said that “Poverty is not natural; it is manmade.” The aforementioned claim is accurate because poverty typically has human-made causes. Good morning to the teachers and students present, today I am going to highlight the causes of poverty and means of overcoming it.
Although several factors contribute to poverty, the population is the main one. Population growth is taxing nations’ resources and financial resources. Governments are having trouble feeding, housing, and employing the growing population.
Other factors include a lack of education, conflict, natural disasters, a lack of jobs, inadequate infrastructure, political unrest, etc. For instance, when job prospects are scarce, a person loses his job, is unable to make enough money to provide for his family’s basic needs, and falls into poverty. A person who lacks education must take lower-paying occupations, which makes him poorer. A lack of infrastructure means a country has no industry, banks, etc., which means there aren’t many job prospects. Floods and earthquakes are examples of natural calamities that increase poverty.
About 60% of the population in India still relies on agriculture for a living. To encourage agriculture in India, the government has implemented several policies. Other efforts include offering free and required education to children up to the age of 14, scholarships to deserving students from low-income backgrounds, and subsidized housing for the underprivileged. Thank you.