A very good morning to one and all present here. Today, I will be giving a short speech on the topic of ‘urbanization’.
Google defines the term ‘urbanization’ to be “the process of making an area more urban.” Wikipedia offers a more detailed explanation. It states as follows: “Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the corresponding decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas, and the ways in which societies adapt to this change.”
There can be several reasons cited as the causes of urbanization, the predominant of which are industrialization and commercialisation.
Urbanization, on the surface level, seems to be very positive. After all, it provides higher standards of living such as better food, education, housing, and health care.
In reality, however, it has several negative implications, some of which are deforestation, habitat loss, and the extraction of freshwater from the environment, which can decrease biodiversity and alter species ranges and interactions.