Known as the architect of Modern India, Jawaharlal Nehru was a statesman, leader,
intellectual and compassionate human being.
He played all the roles of his life; son, husband, father, leader, spokesperson, humanitarian, etc with the utmost of class and success. Few men have ever achieved the status of national hero and a global icon as enjoyed by the late Prime Minister.
He was born in Allahabad in 1889. He received some of the best training under his father Motilal Nehru and then Mahatma Gandhi. He had two sisters one of whom
became the first woman President of UNGA (United Nations’ General Assembly),
Vijaylakhsmi Pandit. He lived a life of luxury and enjoyed the best available education. He was interested in Science, Theology, and Sociology.
Being a student of International Politics, Nehru took inspiration from the Japanese win over Russia and the events of the Italian revolution. This seeded a flame to achieve something similar in India.
He got a degree in Sciences and succeeded to finish law school. Eventually, he started his law career in 1912. He was soon married to his wife Kamala in 1916 and had her daughter Indira the next year.
He took part in all the biggest national movements like Home Rule League, Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement etc and went to prison several times.
He became Congress President in 1929 at Lahore and declared complete Independence as the clear demand of Indians. He also hoisted the tricolor at this occasion to flag off a new form of protest.
He also became the Prime Minister of the Interim government and then the first-ever Prime Minister of independent India. He agreed to the Mountbatten Plan of separation of India and Pakistan and ushered in the independent era with famous speech at the midnight of 15 August, 1947 from the Red Fort.
He would go on to devise the industrial, educational, scientific policies of India and help realize the true potential of the nation. Internationally, he was seen as strong statesman as he refused to buckle under the pressure of US or USSR and offered the path of Non-Alignment.