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Bihar is situated in the North-east part of India. It is at the eleventh position in India if seen area wise. In the north of Bihar, there is Nepal. In the south of Bihar, Jharkhand is situated. In the east of Bihar, West Bengal is situated and in the west, it shares its border with Uttar Pradesh.

Patna is the capital of Bihar. It was built by Ajatashatru. Patna was earlier known as Patliputra. The Ganga is the longest and the largest river in Bihar. There are 38 districts in Bihar.

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Bihar is also the third largest populous state in India. In this state, Hindi is the official language. Bodhi tree is the state emblem of Bihar. This state is known for its cultural beauty and vast history. Its construction started a small fortress but later it became the kingdom of Magdha which spread till Afghanistan.

In a way, Bihar is a reflection of Indian diversity as it is home to most of the Indian tongues. Bihar was also the origin of Buddhism and the district of Gaya is in Bihar where Gautam Buddha used to meditate. There are many other tourist attractions in Bihar like Babar caves of Sultanpur, Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Bodhi Tree etc.

The festival which is celebrated on a vast level in Bihar is Chhat Puja. Many famous Universities such as Nalanda and Vikramshila were also established in Bihar. Mr. Nitish Kumar is the present Chief Minister of Bihar.

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Bihar has very well developed roads, railways and air connectivity. Bihar is a land of political parties and leaders. It is also one of the strongest agricultural states of India.

Questions on Bihar Essay

What is the capital of Bihar?

Patna is the capital of Bihar. It was built by Ajatashatru. Patna was earlier known as Patliputra.

What is the old name of Bihar?

Pataliputra or Patalipattan was the old name of Bihar.

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