Republic Day is the biggest major holiday in India after Independence Day. Every year on
January 26th, it is observed with great zeal and patriotism. The first Republic Day was
established to mark the 1950 adoption of the Indian Constitution.
The day begins with the Prime Minister honouring the contributions and sacrifices of martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti, India Gate. At the Red Fort, the President unfurls the Indian flag and the national anthem is sung. Finally, the ceremonies begin with a 21 gun salute at the national capital. The President honours gallant citizens with awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, Veer Chakra and Ashoka Chakra.
The history of this day is very interesting. On December 29, 1929, the Congress Session in Lahore adopted a resolution designating Purna Swaraj which means Complete Independence as India’s goal. Additionally, it was determined that Purna Swaraj Day shall be celebrated on January 26th all across India. On January 26, 1930, complete Independence Day was officially observed for the first time.
Up until 1947, it was observed in the same way. When India gained independence on August 15 it became our Independence Day. There is a grand parade at the national capital that takes place at Rajpath. The military prowess of the nation is showcased at this parade along with floats that present the rich cultural heritage of the nation.
Similar parades are organised in other parts of the nation too. The brave young winners of Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar are bestowed with awards for their selflessness. These children ride on decorated colourful elephants. It is a day that celebrates and honours the sacrifices of past brave hearts as well as the present ones.
The day empowers Indians and awakens in them a sense of pride for their nation and reminds them of their duty towards their land. It unites the people and they share a sense of fraternity.