Good morning everyone present here, today I am going to give a speech on disaster. A disaster is a major issue that occurs over a short or long period of time and results in widespread losses of people, property, or the environment that are more than what the affected community or society can reasonably expect to be able to recover from using its own resources. Both “natural disasters” and “human-instigated catastrophes” result from manmade dangers and these categories are frequently used to categorize disasters. However, it can be challenging to distinguish between man-made, natural, and man-accelerated disasters in modern times.
Avalanches, coastal floods, cold waves, droughts, earthquakes, hailstorms, heat waves, hurricanes (tropical cyclones), ice storms, landslides, lightning, riverine flooding, high winds, tornadoes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, wildfires, and winter weather are a few examples of natural dangers. Criminal activity, civil unrest, terrorism, war, engineering, and industrial hazards, power outages, fires, risks associated with transportation, and environmental risks are a few examples of anthropogenic hazards.
More than 95% of all disaster-related fatalities occur in developing nations, and the expenses associated with natural disasters are 20 times higher in developing nations than in developed nations.
In emerging nations, complex disasters—those with multiple core causes—are more frequent. A primary disaster may give rise to a secondary disaster that worsens its effects. A well-known illustration is an earthquake that triggers a tsunami, which then results in coastal flooding, which damages a nuclear power station (such as the Fukushima nuclear disaster). Some man-made disasters, including pollution and acid rain, have been incorrectly attributed to the natural world. Thank you.