Good morning, teachers, respected principal, and dear friends. I’ll be giving a speech today about India’s legendary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh.
He was born in the Punjabi family of Sandhu Jat on September 28, 1907. His uncle Sardar Ajit Singh and father Sardar Kishan Singh both actively fought for India’s independence. At the age of 13, he left school to support Mahatma Gandhi’s call for a boycott of all institutions.
He came to Amritsar after completing his studies in Lahore and joined the Hindustan Republican Association, where he connected with other Indian revolutionaries. In 1925, he founded the Naujavan Bharat Sabha to aid national movements. He thereafter began composing anti-British revolutionary works.
Lala Lajpat Rai was killed by British soldiers in a raid in 1928. Bhagat Singh was determined to kill the officer as revenge. He shot Scott down after mistaking another official for Scott. After travelling from Lahore to Kolkata and then to Agra, where he established a bomb factory, he subsequently left.
He and his accomplices bombed the Central Legislative Assembly in protest of the trade dispute laws. He went on a 116-day hunger strike to protest the brutal treatment of his fellow prisoners. He was later executed on March 23, 1931, when he was only 23 years old.
Bhagat Singh used to dream about growing weapons in the fields to fight the British as a boy. His death unleashed a wave of patriotism that swept the whole country. He has always been recognised as a brave Indian mother’s son and a national martyr.