The lack of support and restrictions that native education had experienced since 1910 opened the door for severe state supervision over black education once the national party took office in 1948. This control signalled the end of the mission school system, which despite being a significant educational institution, had many difficulties.
The national party government was dedicated to eradicating the liberal and tolerant attitudes towards black schooling. The Bantu Education Act of 1953 allowed it feasible to pass laws that supported the independent growth of Christian National Education.
In South Africa, Bantu education was created to supply the ruling class with cheap, obedient labour. Also, it was intended to address the urban crisis that had emerged as a result of industrialization and increased urbanisation in the 1940s and 1950s. This resulted from the post-second world war spread of secondary industrialization and the collapse of domestic agriculture. The number of working class residents in towns was growing, and transportation, housing, and wages were not sufficient for them.